Inspection and monitoring equipment are critical to the success of any IPM program and there are a variety of tools at your dispos...
Inspection and monitoring are described as the first steps in any integrated approach to pest management. Today, the pest management professional may spend as much or more time searching for, observing and collecting data on activity than in the actual application of pesticides. Even a detection device such as the relatively "low-tech" torch has had technological advancements over the last few years with the advent of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and different battery types.
A wide variety of "high tech" detection devices are now available. These technologies vary in their ease of use and cost, and should be evaluated based on their ability to increase efficiency and enhance profits.
Pest management is performed most frequently under less than optimal lighting conditions. Most pests live in small, dark areas that are not easily accessible. A reliable, high-performance torch is the most basic, and most important, tool a PMP must carry. Selecting a torch should be based on the needs of the PMP. Features to consider when making a flashlight selection include:
UV black light LED lights are available that can be used for to search for rodent urine trails. The larger, expensive, long-wave UV lights using incandescent UV bulbs are better suited for finding rodent urine, but the flashlight-type LED UV models (e.g., the Arachnid™) cost one-fifth as much, and if used with yellow-lensed safety glasses, they can pick up rodent urine trails, especially for those with an experienced eye.
Coupled with a quality torch, an extendable hand inspection mirror allows pest professionals to gain visual access to difficult harbourage sites. Adapted from mirrors used by HVAC (heating, ventilating and air-conditioning) technicians and auto mechanics, these tools use small mirrors attached to an extendable handle. This tool allows pest professionals to see around and behind fixtures and corners where pests can escape normal inspection. A polished stainless steel mirror is preferred over a glass mirror in food facilities where broken glass is an issue.
Insects may hide inside equipment, appliances, cabinets and other locations. Access to these areas usually requires some type of hand tool to remove screws, bolts or pins. A pest management professional can carry screwdrivers / spanners in a tool pouch or specialised tool pocket on his or her belt. A multi-use tool, such as the Leatherman, has become popular with professionals as an all-in-one tool easily carried in a compact belt pouch.
Small screwdrivers, awls or ice picks can be used to probe wood when inspecting for wood-destroying organisms (WDO). An artist's palette knife or thin putty knife can be helpful in removing debris from cracks and crevices to inspect for pest activity or immature stages of the pest living in accumulated debris. A putty knife also can be useful when applying bulk paste baits. Needle-nose pliers are helpful in pulling carpets up from tack strips or peeling back cove base edges where pests may forage along baseboards.
Given that most pests are &frac;inch (7mm) or smaller, a magnifier of any kind is an essential tool. A 10X lens is the minimum magnification required but more is better. Many loupes go from 10X to 30X and a number of lighted mini-scopes are available. Small vials or pill bottles should be provided to collect specimens for positive identification or archiving, but Ziploc plastic bags work in a pinch. Plastic, not glass, vials should used in food or pharmaceutical plants.
To inspect inside hidden voids, a professional can use a flexible scope with fiber-optic technology. Two popular models in the industry are the ProVision, available from DutchGuard, and the Ridgid 25643 Sea Snake, available at many hardware stores. These devices require a hole [usually 1/4- to 3/8- inch (7 to 10 mm)] be drilled through the wall surface for access into the void. Some models may be attached to video equipment if permanent records of the conditions are required. Different features on the available models provide various pros and cons. The key factors to assess when purchasing a unit include closeness of focus, brightness of the light, ability to fit into tight spaces and wide angle view availability, as well as close up views.
Sound is an important detection tool for today's professional. Wood-destroying pests such as termites can be detected from sound produced in harbourage areas. A simple stethoscope can be purchased at hospital supply stores or larger chemists. A stethoscope with both a flat diaphragm and listening cone is preferred. More elaborate electronic sound-detecting devices are available. These devices amplify the pest sounds making difficult detection easier.
High CO2 levels may indicate the presence of termites. Devices are available that can help pest management professionals detect CO2 to help pinpoint problem areas.
Infrared cameras can be helpful in detecting moisture issues within a wall or ceiling void. These devices also will identify potential hidden entry points by identifying changes in temperature, which may indicate structural defects. Infrared cameras do not detect the pests themselves, rather they detect conditions conducive to pest activity (e.g., high moisture). Infrared cameras are expensive and require specialised training in order to correctly interpret the information provided.
Some pests require certain moisture levels in the material or space they infest. A moisture meter can be used to confirm presence of hidden pests such as booklice or silverfish by detecting high moisture in walls or wood where such insects prefer to nest or harbour.
Wood-boring beetles have specific requirements for the moisture content of the wood they infest. Professionals using moisture meters can use readings to help identify potentially infested wood. Such readings also may help to identify or exclude potentially infested items or areas. Moisture readings also help pest professionals advise clients on conditions of high moisture that may be conducive to booklice or silverfish or wood vulnerable to decay fungi.
Early models of moisture meters were equipped with two probes or pins that had to be pressed into the surface to be tested. Today, "pin-less" models are available that will not damage surfaces and can be used on masonry and drywall surfaces.
Article provided by Pest Control Charter